Constitutional-Administrative - 10. semester
|Koprić I., Marčetić G., Musa A., Đulabić V., Lalić Novak G.; Upravna znanost - Javna uprava u suvremenom europskom kontekstu; Pravni fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu (2014), str. 247-318|
|Koprić, I.; Dvadeset godina lokalne i područne (regionalne) samouprave u Hrvatskoj: razvoj, stanje i perspektive. U: V. Đulabić (ur.) Lokalna samouprava i lokalni izbori; Institut za javnu upravu (2011), str. 3-64|
|Koprić I. Vukojičić-Tomić; Lokalni politički sustav nakon uvođenja neposrednog izbora načelnika - stanje i prijepori. U: I. Koprić (ur.) Reforma lokalne i regionalne samouprave u Republici Hrvatskoj; Pravni fakultet i Institut za javnu upravu (2013), str. 155-188|
|Marčetić, G.; Novo lokalno službeničko pravo i upravljanje ljudskim potencijalima u reformiranoj lokalnoj samoupravi. U: I. Koprić(ur.) Reforma lokalne i regionalne samouprave u Republici Hrvatskoj; Pravni fakultet i Institut za javnu upravu (2013), str. 189-218|
|Đulabić, V.; Položaj županija u statističkoj i političkoj regionalizaciji Hrvatske. U: I. Koprić (ur.) Dvadeset godina lokalne samouprave u Hrvatskoj; Institut za javnu upravu (2013), str. 183-200|
|Europska povelja o lokalnoj samoupravi; Narodne Novine|
|Ustav Republike Hrvatske (čl. 4, 133-138); Narodne Novine|
|Zakon o lokalnoj i područnoj (regionalnoj) samoupravi; Narodne Novine|
|Zakon o Gradu Zagrebu; Narodne Novine|
Local self-government. Local administration. Local unit. Local community. Concepts of the role of local units: administrative decentralisation, political decentralisation, subsidiary principle, communal concept. Elements of the autonomy of local self-government units. Political decentralisation benefits. Concept of local self-government in Croatia. International acts on local self-government. The European Charter of Local Self-Government. The European charter of cities. The European charter of regional self-government.
Territorial basis of local self-government:
Principles of territorial division. Factors that influence territorial division. Dilemmas of the territorial division. General and special local units. Monotypical and polytypical structure (kinds of local units). Large and small local units (problem of size). Traditional and modern municipalities. Gradation and connection of local units. Criteria for determining the area of local units. Change of territorial division and the influence of local population. Comparative examples of territorial organisation. Territorial division in Croatia.
Vertical demarcation of public affairs. Different European traditions of vertical demarcation. The meaning of the principle of subsidiarity for vertical demarcation. Legal techniques of determining the scope of local self-government: general clause and enumeration. Obligatory and facultative scope. Basic groups of local affairs. Municipal services. Innovations in performing local affairs. Market mechanisms and local public services. Regional affairs. Autonomy in performing self-government tasks. The difference between self-governing and transferred scope. The usual transferred scope. Legal techniques of transferring state administration tasks to local units. The transferred scope versus territorial branches of central state administration bodies. Local affairs in Croatia.
Management in local self-government:
Local bodies and process of managing the local unit. Forms of direct decision making of citizens (assemblies of all citizens, citizen councils, referendum, citizens- initiative). Institutions of citizens- participation in local affairs (decentralised bodies, co-opting of citizens, citizen associations). Local representative bodies: party systems, local electoral system, electoral right, the term of office, responsibility, structure, authority, manner of work. Executive level. Functions of the executive level. Types of the executive level: simple and developed monocratic type, committee type (and their variants). Contemporary trends in the election of local leadership: direct election of heads, municipal managers. Local administrative organisations: regulatory, co-ordinating, servicing. Local bodies in Croatia: representative bodies, individual and collegiate executive bodies, administrative organisations. Forms of direct democracy and citizen participation in the Croatian local self-government.
Relations between the central state and local self-government:
The principle of the relation between the state and local self-government. The means of the central bodies- influence on local self-government: legal regulation of local self-government, division of tasks, information, provision of aid, control, interventions, financial instruments. The control of the state bodies over local self-government. The control in the self-governmental and transferred scope. The control of general and particular acts. The control in financial matters. The control of the central executive power, courts and special bodies (ombudsman). The protection of local self-government. Constitutionalisation of local self-government - the right of citizens on local self-government. Representation of local interests in central state bodies. Court protection, constitutional court protection, ombudsman for local self-government, control mechanisms of the Council of Europe. Central-local relations in Croatia.
Decentralisation and social processes:
Local self-government and globalisation. The role of local institutions in the world that is integrating and undergoing globalisation. The influence of urbanisation on decentralisation. Urbanisation and the development of cities (counter-urbanisation, localisation, industrial urbanisation, continued urbanisation and metropolitanisation). Cities and their specific problems in the local self-government system. Large cities and capitals. Regionalism, regional self-government, regionalisation and multilevel governance. The European Union and regionalisation. Regional units in the view of regional policy of the EU. European integration and harmonisation of local self-government. The activity of the Council of Europe, European Union and other international subjects. Ethnicity and local self-government: minority self-government.
The decentralisation process:
The comparative overview of the decentralisation processes. Decentralisation and contemporary reforms of the public administration. Decentralisation in continental Western European countries. Decentralisation in Anglo-Saxon countries. Decentralisation in countries in transition. Decentralisation as a global process. Policy and implementation of decentralisation. Decentralisation strategy. Aims of decentralisation. The programme and detailed plan of decentralisation. Legal foundations of decentralisation. Bodies and subjects for the implementation of decentralisation. Phases of the decentralisation process. Suppositions of a successful decentralisation. Decentralisation risks.
The decentralisation process in Croatia:
The development of local self-government on the Croatian territory. Initial legal regulation of the right on local self-government in the beginning of 1990s. Changes in the regulations in the beginning of 2000s. Conceptual changes: from the system of local self-government and government to the system of local and regional self-government. The development of territorial structure. The change in the scope of local tasks and authorities. Changes of local representative bodies and their relations. The development of central-local relations. The assessment of the situation and the perspective of decentralisation in Croatia.
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