JEAN MONNET MODULE - EU INTERNAL MARKET LAW

 
VIsiting professors in 2016/17:
Prof. Stephen Weatherill, University of Oxford
Prof. Karsten Sorensen, University of Aarhus
 
 

Unit 1 – Introduction: political, social and economic backround of the internal market

Friday, 21 Oct 2016, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V.

Objectives: understanding the economic, social and political backgroud of the EU intermal market. Understanding that the internal market has global effects.

 

Reading:

- Handout

 

 

Unit 2 - Free movement of goods I

Friday, 28 Oct 2016, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V.

Learning objectives: 

To differentiate non-peculiary and pecuniary restrictions to the free movement of goods; To understand and distinguish the concepts of "quantitative restrictions", "measures having equivalent effect to quantitative restrictions", "distinctly applicable measures", "indistinctly applicable measures", "product requirements", "selling arrangements", "arrangements for use", "measures significantly hindering market access". To understand the reasons which lead to the development of the mutual recognition principle and its consequences. To understand the limits of national regulatory autonomy. To understand the difference between justifications contained in Article 36 EC and mandatory requirements and to be able to invoke the correct type of justification in a particular case.

 

Reading:

- handout (distributed in class)

relevant Treaty Articles

8/74 Dassonville

- 120/78 Cassis de Dijon

- C-145/88 Torfaen

- C-267/91 & C-268/91 Keck

Opinion of Advocate General Kokott in Mickelsson and Roos

 

S. Weatherill, The Road to Ruin: "Restrictions on use" and the ciricular lifecycle of Article 34 TFEU

 

- books (listed in the alternative):

- T. Perišin, Free Movement of Goods and Limits of Regulatory Autonomy in the EU and WTO, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, 2008, p. 17-42; (CUP link; Algoritam link)

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013.; Chapters:  4. Non-fiscal measures: Quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect; 5. Article 34 TFEU and certain selling arrangements (also look at Chapters  2. Introduction to the free movement of goods and 3: Fiscal measures: Customs duties and internal taxation);

- P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; Chapter 19: Free Movement of Goods: Quantitative Restrictions; (look also at 18: Free Movement of Goods: Duties, Charges, and Taxes);

- Wyatt and Dashwood's European Union Law, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2011.; 407-460 (and 389-406);

 

 

Unit 3 - Free Movement of Goods II 

Wednesday, 9 Nov 2016, 14.30, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. II - please notice the change in the time and venue!

 

Learning objectives: To understand the system for justifying measures caught by Art. 34 EC - legitimate interests in protecting consumers, environment, fundamental rights. To understand levels of proportionality assessment.

 

Reading:

- handout (distributed in class)

 

- C-470/93 Mars

- C-2/90 Commission v Belgium, “Walloon Waste”

     - Compare Walloon Waste with the US Supreme Court decision in Philadelphia v. New Jersey, 437 US 617, 1978

     - Also compare Walloon Waste with a new CJEU case on (arguably) distinctly applicable measures and environmental protection C-204/12 Essent v Belgium

- AG Jacobs in Preussen Elektra, paras 224-238

C-112/00 Eugen Schmidberger

- AG Maduro in Leppik, paras 23-32

 

- T. Perišin, Free Movement of Goods and Limits of Regulatory Autonomy in the EU and WTO, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, 2008, p. 42-79, (Algoritam link).

 

Units 4 - Positive integration in the EU - competences, subsidiarity, proportionality

Friday, 25 Nov 2016, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V.

 

Learning objectives: To understand the principles of conferred competences, subsidiarity and proportionality. To understand the competences of the EC in regulating the internal market and the importance of selecting the proper one.

 

Reading:

- handout (distributed in class)

- C-300/89 Titanium Dioxide

C-376/98 Tobacco Advertising - pay special attention to the Court's analysis (starting after para 75)

- C-491/01 BAT

C-210/03 Swedish Match

 

- books (listed in the alternative):

- T. Perišin, Free Movement of Goods and Limits of Regulatory Autonomy in the EU and WTO, T.M.C. Asser Press, The Hague, 2008, p. 81-126;

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013, Chapter 16: Regulating the internal market.

- Wyatt and Dashwood's European Union Law, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2006, p. 81-125 and 913-962.

 

 

Unit 5 -  Union Citizenship & Free Movement of Workers 

Friday, 2 Dec 2016, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V

Learning objectives: understand economic and social aspects of free movement of workers in the context of EU internal market; understand direct effect of Art. 45 TFEU; understand territorial scope of Art. 45 TFEU; understand the scope of free movement of workers under Art. 45 TFEU; understand the meaning of the term "worker" in EU law
 
Reading:

1) Free Movement of Workers:

            Treaty on the functioning of the European Union - please read Art. 45-48 TFEU

            Directive 2004/38 (skim through)

            36/74 Walrave v. Koch

            C-281/98 Angonese (judgement)

            C- 415/93 Bosman

            292/89 Antonissen

 

2) Additional materials distributed and/or discussed in class (handouts and pp presentation)

 

Books (listed in the alternative):

- P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; chapter 21, pp. 715-734

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013.; chapters 8 and 9, pp. 229-303 

 

Optional reading:

Transitional arrangements

- I. Goldner Lang, Transitional arrangements in the Enlarged European Union: How Free is Free Movement   of Workers?, Croatian Yearbook of European Law and Policya, Vol. 3, No. 3, 2007; pp. 241-271 (for accessing the whole document click on the words "whole text" ("puni tekst") above the abstract

 

 
 

Unit 6 -  Adversarial Justice in a Federal System  - ATTENTION CHANGE OF DATE AND CLASSROOM!

Visiting lecturer: Jaya Ramji-Nogales

Saturday, 10 Dec 2016, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. VII

 
Adversarial Justice
 
Jaya Ramji Nogales
I. Herman Stern Professor of Law
Co-Director, Institute for International Law and Public Policy
Temple University, Beasley School of Law
 
 
 

Learning objectives:

This lecture will discuss the adversary legal system used in the United States as a primary method of dispute resolution.  It will begin by exploring some of the differences between the adversary system and the inquisitorial system used throughout most of the EU.  The lecture will then investigate the role of litigation in national policy-making in the United States, examining the advantages and disadvantages of relying on the legal process to steer the course of policy decisions in a heterogeneous society, and the applicability of these lessons to the EU.

 
Reading:
 
 
Unit 7 - Guest professor Karsten Sorensen: Selected issues of internal market law

Tuesaday, 13 December, 17.00-20.30

Prof. dr. Karsten Sorensen, University of Aarhus

  • The purpose and scope of the harmonisation
  • The effect of harmonisation in this area
  • Harmonisation of formation and capital
 

Unit 8 - Derogations from free movement of workers - CHANGE OF TIME!

Friday, 16 Dec 2016, 10.30, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V

Learning objectives: understand the meaning of the terms "public policy", "public security" and "public health" as justifications for national measures which restrict free movement of persons/services; understand the meaning and scope of "public service/official authority" exception.
 
RELEVANT PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LAW PROVISIONS:
                                                                                                                                   
1) Public policy, public security and public health justifications 

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CASES:

67/74 Bonsignore

30/77 Bouchereau

115/81 & 116/81 Adoui and Cornuaille

C-145/09 Tsakouridis

C-348/09 P.I.

 

- Additional materials will be distributed and/or discussed in class (handouts and pp presentation)

 

- Books (listed in the alternative):

a) P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011, 755-760 (public policy, public security, public health derogations)

b) C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013, 496-537 (derogations, limitations and conditions)

 

2) Public service/official authority exception

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CASES:

149/79 Commission v. Belgium

C-405/01 Marina Mercante Espanola

C-47/08 Commission v. Belgium

 

- Books (listed in the alternative):

a) P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; 734-740 (public service exception)

b) C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013.; 517-521 (derogations, limitations and conditions)

 
 
 
Unit 9 - Family reunification of Union Citizens - NOTICE THE CHANGE OF DATE AND TIME!
Monday, 19 December 2016, 9.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V
 

Learning objectives: understand the status of third-country national family members of EU citizens according to the case-law of the CJ, Treaty provisions and Directive 2004/38 on the right of citizens of the Union and their family members to move and reside freely within the territory of the Member States.

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CASES:

            C-60/00 Carpenter

            C-109/07 Akrich

            C-127/08 Metock

           C-34/09 Ruiz Zambrano

            C-256/11 Dereci

    

- Materails distributed in class

 

- Books (listed in the alternative):

a) P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; pp. 752-755

b) C. Barnard,The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013; pp. 431-475

                                                                                                                                                               

 
 
Unit 10 - Free Movement of Services and Freedom of Establishment 
Friday, 20 January 2017, 11.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. V
 

Learning objectives: Understand and differentiate the criteria for the application of the provisions on free movement of services and freedom of establishment; understand the concept of proportionality in the context of free movement of services and freedom of establishment; understand the criteria for assessing whether national measures can be used; understanding the phrase "a measure that hinders or makes less attractive"; understanding CJ's balancing between fundamental freedoms and fundamental rights.

 

Reading:                                                                                                                                                     

TREATY ARTICLES:

             Treaty on the functioning of the European Union - read Art. 49-62 TFEU

 

PLEASE READ THE FOLLOWING CASES:

C-55/94 Gebhard

C-76/90 Säger

186/87 Cowan

C-384/93 Alpine Investment

C-438/05 Viking Line

           

Ppt presentation

 

- Books (listed in the alternative):

- P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; pp. 764-808

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013.; pp. 304-430                                                                                                                                                      

 

 

 
                                                                                                                                                                                                       

The following units are being updated.


 

Part A: Free Movement of Capital - Golden Shares

Part B: National tax rules and the four freedoms 

Friday, 11 Dec 2015, 10.30, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. IV

 

Part A: Free Movement of Capital - Golden Shares

Learning objectives: To contrast free movement of capital with other market freedoms. To understand how golden shares and other limitations on stock holder voting and other rights can hinder or make free movement less attractive. To understand and assess the possibilities of justifying such measures.

 

Reading:

- handout

TFEU Articles 63-66, 142-143, 345

C-112/05, Commission v Germany (Volkswagen)

- C-503/99 - C v Belgium

C-112/05 C v Germany, Volkswagen

 

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2010.; pp. 559-591

- Wyatt and Dashwood's European Union Law, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2011, pp 664-670.  

 

Part B: National tax rules and the four freedoms 

Learning objectives: To understand that tax rules can present obstacles to free movement. To understand possible justifications of such measures. To identify the effects of EU law on national tax systems.

Reading:

21/79 C v. Italy - facts, paras 14, 15, 21

- 112/84 Humblot - facts, paras 12-16

C-330/91 Commerzbank

C-279/93 Schumacker

C 446/03 Marks and Spencer

 

Wyatt and Dashwood's European Union Law, Sweet and Maxwell, London, 2011, pp 581-599.   

 

Guest lecture - professor Joachim Englisch: The new Commission approach in applying the State aid provision to tax rulings

Monday, 18 January 2016, 9.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. VII (2nd floor)

The lecture is organised by the Department of Financial Law and Financial Science and will deal with recent state aid cases, such as Amazon and McDonald's. Students are ecnouraged to attend, but attendance is not mandatory. 
Reading for the lectue is available at: https://www.pravo.unizg.hr/FPFZ/predmet/flafs 

                                                                                                                                                              

 
 Legal Aspect of the EU Financial Crisis 

... The first part of this class will cover the remaining material concerning family reunification.

 

Learning objectives:

Understand the legal implications of the EU financial crisis at the EU level, at Member States level and their interface. Discuss the responses to the EU financial crisis in terms of financial assistance mechanisms and rules. Special focus will be put on the Treaty change, the ESM and the Fiscal Compact. Discuss whether the EU financial crisis is leading towards further integration and/or multi-speed Europe and consider the underlying issue of EU solidarity.
 

Reading:

Pringle

Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union (Fiscal Compact)

I. Goldner Lang: The EU Financial and Migration Crises: Two Crises - Many Facets of EU Solidarity, forthcoming in 2015 in: The Different Faces of Solidarity in European Union Law: The Implications of the Lisbon Treaty and the Economic Crisis, Edward Elgar Publishing (eds: A. Biondi, E. Dagilyte & E. Küçük).                                                                                                                                                                                                     

 
 
Free Movement of Services and Freedom of Establishment II

Learning objectives:

1) Freedom of establishment: Understand and discuss the importance of EU rules on the freedom of establishment for Member State rules of corporate law; the extent to which EU law allows companies to register their seat in another Member State; discuss the tension between achieving the internal market and preventing tax avoidance or circumvention of other national regulation.
 

Reading:

81/87 Daily Mail 
C-212/97 Centros

C-210/06 Cartesio 

 

- P. Craig and G. de Burca, EU Law, OUP, Oxford, 2011; pp. 779-788

- C. Barnard, The Substantive Law of the EU, OUP, Oxford, 2013.; pp. 327-357                                                                                                                                          

 
 
External effects of the internal market

Learning objectives: understading the external effects of internal measures, distinguishing between  measures that cause trade diversion and those that stimulate trade creation; developing the competence of predicting the consequences that a national or an EU standard can have on international trade; understading the role of the EU in the development of global standards.

 

Reading:

T. Perišin, Is the EU Seal Products Regulation a Sealed Deal? EU and WTO Challenges.

T. Perišin, Transatlantic Trade Disputes...

A. Bradford, The Brussels Effect

                                                                                                                                                              

 
 
 
Free movement and passenger rights in air transport

Wednesday. 25 Nov 2015, 17.30-19.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. VII (2nd floor)

 

Guest professor: 

Prof. Derrick Wyatt, QC

University of Oxford                                                                                                                                                                 

 

 

Privacy and data protection in the internal market: Google and the right to be forgotten; Facebook and safe harbour

Thursday, 26 Nov 2015, 17.30-19.00, Ćirilometodska 4, classroom no. VII (2nd floor)

 

Guest professor: 

Prof. Derrick Wyatt, QC

University of Oxford                                                                                                                                                                 

 

 

 

 


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